Optimization of Network Infrastructures
A little bit of green in networks and other problems of placement and management of resources.
In this thesis (HDR / habilitation degree), Frédéric Giroire presents a set of solutions to optimize network infrastructures. Pushed by the new sensitivity of the society, politics, and companies to energy costs and global warming, Frédéric investigated the question of how to build green networks. Frédéric first studied some practical scenarios to answer the question: how much energy could be saved for Internet Service Providers by putting into practice energy efficient protocols? It led Frédéric to study fundamental problems of graph theory.
At the core of these energy efficient methods, there is a dynamic adaptation to the changes of demands, which is impossible to do in legacy networks which are mostly manually operated. The emergence of two new paradigms, software defined networking (SDN) and network function virtualization (NFV), leads to a finer control of networks and thus bears the promise to to put energy efficient solutions into practice. Frédéric thus studied how to use SDN to implement dynamic routing.
Frédéric’s approach has been to use theoretical tools to solve problems raised by the introduction of new technologies or new applications. Frédéric’s tools come mainly from combinatorics and in particular from graph theory, algorithmics, optimization and probabilities. When Frédéric was able to propose new methods of resolution, Frédéric then tried to evaluate their practical impact by numerical evaluation, simulation or experimentation with realistic scenarios.
More about this thesis: let's consult the manuscript and the slides of Frédéric’s defense